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Facts About Georgia

The green arrow points to our star in the American flag. Georgia was the 4th state (of the original 13 colonies) to ratify the Federal Constitution, and the 3rd one to do so, unanamously, on Jan. 2, 1788.

State Creed- "Accepting, as I do, the principles upon which Georgia was founded, not for self but others; -- its Democratic form of Government, based on 'Wisdom, Justice and Moderation';--its natural resources;--its Educational, Social and Religious advantages, making it a most desirable place to live--I will strive to be a pure upright Citizen, rejecting the evils--loving and emulating the good.
I further believe it is my duty to defend it against all enemies, to honor and obey its laws, to apply the Golden Rule in all my dealings with my fellow Citizens.
I feel a sense of pride in the history and heroic deeds accomplished by my forebears, and shall endeavor to so live that my State will be proud of me for doing my bit to make my State a better Commonwealth for future generations."

Georgia's flag has three red and white stripes and the state coat of arms on a blue field in the upper left corner. Thirteen stars surrounding the seal denotes Georgia's position as one of the original thirteen colonies. On the seal three pillars supporting an arch represent the three branches of government; legislative, judicial and executive. A man with sword drawn is defending the Constitution, whose principles are wisdom, justice and moderation. The date 1776 represents the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Flag adopted May 8th, 2003.

The State Seal-The current Great Seal of Georgia was adopted by the State Constitution of 1798. On its front side appear three pillars supporting an arch, emblematic of the three branches of government - the legislative, judicial and executive. A man stands with a drawn sword defending the Constitution whose principles are wisdom, justice and moderation. The reverse of the Seal shows a ship with cotton and tobacco, and a man plowing, representing the agriculture and commerce of the Seal's motto. In 1914, the date on the Seal was changed from 1799 to 1776 to correspond with the date of the Declaration of Independence. By law, the Secretary of State is the official custodian of the Great Seal, which is attached to official papers by executive order of the Governor.

Georgia grown peaches are recognized for their superior flavor, texture, appearance and nutritious qualities that promote a healthy, balanced diet. Georgia is known as the "Peach State" because of the growers' reputation for producing the highest quality fruit. The peach became the official state fruit in 1995.

The tiger swallowtail, proclaimed the state butterfly in 1988, is one of Georgia's most beautiful species of lepidoptera. This magnificent butterfly has large yellow wings edged and striped with black. The resolution designating a state butterfly was inspired by Mrs. Deen Day Smith, president of The Garden Club of Georgia, Inc., who donated funds to build the Day Butterfly Center at Callaway Gardens.

Grown properly only in a small pocket of south Georgia, the Vidalia onion matures into unsurpassed sweetness in the spring. In one of nature's most delicious mysteries, the granex seed, which produces a hot onion elsewhere, grows into an onion one "can eat like an apple" in the fields around Vidalia and Glennville. The bill designating the Vidalia onion as the official state vegetable was enacted by the General Assembly in 1990.

The General Assembly selected the peanut to be the official state crop in 1995. Georgia produces nearly 50 percent of the total United States peanut crop and more than 50 percent of peanuts used in the production of peanut butter. Georgia leads the nation in peanut exports.

On April 6, 1935, the Brown Thrasher was first chosen as the Georgia state bird by official proclamation of the Governor. In 1970, at the request of the Garden Clubs of Georgia, it was designated by the Legislature as the official state bird. The Brown Thrasher is commonly found in the eastern section of the United States, ranging north to Canada and west to the Rockies. The bird migrates to the North in the summer and spends its winters in the Southern states. Almost a foot in length, the Thrasher has a long, curved bill and a very long tail. It has two prominent white wing bars, a rich brown color on its top side, and a creamy white breast heavily streaked with brown.

In 1916, with the support of the Georgia Federation of Women's Clubs, the Cherokee rose was named the state floral emblem. The name "Cherokee Rose" is a local designation derived from the Cherokee Indians who widely distributed the plant. The rose is excessively thorny and generously supplied with leaves of a vivid green. In color, it is waxy white with a large golden center. Blooming time is in the early spring, but favorable conditions will produce, in the fall of the year, a second flowering of this hardy plant.

In 1937, the live oak was adopted as the official tree at the request of the Edmund Burke Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. It flourishes along the coastal plains and on the islands where the first settlers made their homes. Many famous Georgians, as early as General James Edward Oglethorpe, were able to enjoy its beauty.

The largemouth bass was designated the official state fish in 1970. Some of the best and most picturesque fishing waters of the United States are found in Georgia, and pursuit of the largemouth bass is widely popular. At one time, the world's biggest largemouth bass was taken from the waters of a Georgia stream.

In 1979, the azalea was chosen as Georgia's state wildflower. Many species and varieties are found across Georgia. A hardy species, they possess vibrant colored flowers blooming from March until August.

In 1976, quartz was chosen as the official state gem. It is common in Georgia and found in a wide variety of colors. The resolution making quartz the state gem cited two particular forms: the amethyst, which is mostly used in jewelry, and the clear quartz, which, when faceted, resembles the diamond.

Grits was made the official prepared food of Georgia in 2002. Grits are bits of ground corn or hominy which constitute a uniquely indigenous Southern food first produced by Native Americans many centuries ago. Corn is a preeminent Georgia crop grown throughout the state. Grits can be a pure and simple breakfast dish or can be incorporated into gourmet cooking through countless recipes.

Georgia is recognized around the world as a leader in the poultry industry. Poultry is the largest segment of Georgia agriculture and agribusiness. Chickens are the largest single agricultural commodity in the state, producing over $2.4 billion in farm income annually. The poultry industry is responsible for significant economic benefits for countless Georgians through farm income, processing and allied industries, and meetings and conventions. Each year Georgia serves as a host to the International Poultry Trade Show, the largest poultry convention in the world.

The State history and geography:
  • The Academy of Richmond County is the oldest land grant school in the US. Founded in 1783 as a boys military academy on lands granted by the British royalty.
  • The first domestic gold minted in the US (Philadelphia Mint) was mined in Dahlongea.
  • Georgia was named for King George II of England and was officially founded in 1732.
  • General James Edward Oglethorpe, is the founder of Georgia, named when he landed at Savannah, GA.
  • Rum and slaves were originally banned from the colony of Georgia, and it was rumored that lawyers were also banned.
  • Saint Marys, GA is the second oldest city in the U.S.
  • The Okefenokee Swamp is the largest swamp in the US, with over 400,000 acres of water, trees and animals. The name is native Indian and means "land of the trembling earth".
  • Stone Mountain, about 11 miles from Atlanta is one of the largest pieces of exposed granite in the world.
  • Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River.
  • Georgia is completely varied in its geography, having a plains region which includes the huge Okefenokee Swamp, a coastal plains region on the Atlantic Ocean, with several large islands and many coastal inlets. The mountain region, on the Piedmont Plateau, part of the Blue Ridge which is part of the Appalacian Mountains.
  • The first "Gold Rush" in the nation was in Auraria, GA, near Dahlongea, in 1828.
  • The Little White House in Warm Springs, GA, was where Franklin D. Roosevelt got treatment for his paralysis. It is also the location where he died.
  • Plains, GA, is the home of Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of the U.S.
  • Much to the chagrin of its neighbors, Georgia became the transportation and communication center of the south, which means that almost all flights out of any southern state are routed to Atlanta first.
  • More Georgia History(In Detail)

  • Berry College in Rome, GA, has the world's largest college campus.
  • Oglethorpe college on Peachtree St is the nations oldest university.
  • Wesleyan College in Macon, GA was the first college in the world to grant degrees to women.
  • Athens, GA, (now home of the University of Georgia) is the location of the first university opened with state funds.

  • Poultry and eggs, peanuts, cattle, hogs, dairy products, vegetables.
  • Agriculture was the primary industry in Georgia until the 1930's and huge quantities of cotton were grown until that time.

  • Textiles and apparel, transportation equipment, food processing, paper products, chemical products, electric equipment, tourism.

Misc. Facts:
  • Peachtree St.
  • Edward "Blackbeard" Teach, the famous pirate, used Blackbeard Island, off the coast of Georgia, as a home base and it is now a protected wilderness area.
  • The six flags which flew over Georgia in the "Six Flags Over Georgia", were England, Spain, Liberty, Georgia, Confederate States of America, and the United States of America.
  • Atlanta is the second highest, large city in the U.S.
  • Chickamuga National Park is the site of the most violent and bloody battle in American history.
  • Stonewall Jackson, Jefferson Davis, and Robert E. Lee are the subjects of the world's largest sculpture on the face of Stone Mountain.

  • The Masters Golf Tournament is held each year in Augusta, Georgia
  • The Atlanta Braves have long been known as the world's baseball team.


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